The Vocational Rehabilitation Service System in Japan

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Authored by: 
Susan Foley

Publication Year: 2013

Working-age Japanese with disabilities (ages 15-64) experience substantially lower employment rates compared to non-disabled Japanese, indicating a need for policy and programs that promote disability employment opportunities in competitive settings. Historically, the vocational rehabilitation (VR) service system in Japan has involved two government administrations - the Ministry of Labour and the Ministry of Health and Welfare - that, despite the merger in 2001, continue to focus on competitive and facility-based(sheltered) employment, respectively. In this paper, the authors provide an overview of the enabling legislation, key policies and measures, and personnel resources of the VR service system under labour.

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